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Libya: Experts and Sources
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Sources Experts & Spokespersons

African Union
The African Union (abbreviated AU in English, and UA in its other official languages) is an intergovernmental organization consisting of 53 African states. Established on 9 July 2002, the AU was formed as a successor to the Organi...
Community of Sahelo-Saharan States
CEN-SAD was established in February 1998 by six countries, but since then its membership has grown to 28. One of its main goals is to achieve economic unity through the implementation of the free movement of people and goods in or...
Embassy Row
Embassy Row, published by Sources as part of the Parliamentary Names & Numbers directory, lists all embassies and high commissions to Canada, and all Canadian embassies, high commissions and consulates abroad. Each e...
League of Arab States
A regional organization of Arab states in Southwest Asia, and North and Northeast Africa. The Arab League currently has 22 members and four observers. The main goal of the league is to "draw closer the relations between member Sta...
United Nations
The United Nations is central to global efforts to solve problems that challenge humanity. Cooperating in this effort are more than 30 affiliated organizations, known together as the UN system. Day in and day out, the UN and its f...

News Releases

Global Press Freedom Declines in Every Region for First Time Israel, Italy and Hong Kong Lose Free Status
2009-05-02
Freedom House
Journalists faced an increasingly grim working environment in 2008, with global press freedom declining for a seventh straight year and deterioration occurring for the first time in every region, acco...
Libyan President Muammar Gaddafi launches legal action against three Moroccan newspapers
2009-04-23
Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI)
The Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI) has described today the complaints made by the Libyan Embassy in Rabat against three Moroccan newspapers as a threat to freedom of expression an...
Middle East & North Africa: Region performs poorly, Israel nose-dives
2009-10-22
Reporters without Borders
For the first time Israel is not at the head of the Middle Eastern countries in the press freedom index. By falling 47 places to 93rd position, it is now behind Kuwait (60th), United Arab Emirates (86...
Moroccan journalists face charges of defaming Qaddafi
2009-05-19
Committee to Protect Journalists
The Committee to Protect Journalists is dismayed by the start of court proceedings today against five Moroccan journalists charged with publicly harming Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi and hurting his d...
NATO attacks on national TV headquarters and installations in Tripoli
2011-08-01
Reporters without Borders
Reporters Without Borders condemns NATO airstrikes on the Tripoli headquarters of the state-owned national TV broadcaster Al-Jamahiriya and two of its installations.
Newspaper editor gunned down on Benghazi street
2014-06-02
Reporters without Borders
Reporters Without Borders condemns in the strongest terms newspaper editor Muftah Bu Zeid's murder in Benghazi. Gunmen in a car shot Zeid three times in the head and abdomen shortly after he got out o...
Woman journalist found with throat cut in southern Libya
2014-06-02
Reporters without Borders
Reporters Without Borders is shocked to learn that Naseeb Miloud Karfana, a TV journalist based in the southern city of Sabha, was murdered on 29 May.

Sources Select Resources

Connexions Library: Africa Focus
Website
Connexions Information Sharing Services
Selected articles, books, websites and other resources on Africa.
The Dreadful Chronology of Gaddafi's Murder
Welzenbach, Chris
Article
2016
CountrPunch
Since 2003, Gaddafi had worked hard to repair his reputation for financing terrorism; his proposal for a trans-African banking system never reached fruition. Freedom and justice were never part of the...
Global Press Freedom Declines in Every Region for First Time Israel, Italy and Hong Kong Lose Free Status
Sources News Release
Article
2009
Freedom House
Journalists faced an increasingly grim working environment in 2008, with global press freedom declining for a seventh straight year and deterioration occurring for the first time in every region, acco...
The Great Libya War Fraud
Article
2016
MediaLens
Coming so soon after the incomplete but still damning exposure of the Iraq deception - with the bloodbath still warm - the media's deep conformity and wilful gullibility on the 2011 Libyan war left ev...
Hailed as a Model for Successful Intervention, Libya Proves to be the Exact Opposite
Greenwald, Glenn
Article
2015
The Intercept
Advocates of the U.S. intervention in Lybia regard the event as a proof of success. Greenwald discusses why things are working in the opposite way.
An Interview With Noam Chomsky on Obama's Human Rights Record
Nothing Can Justify Torture
Bailey, Eric
Article
2012
CounterPunch
America's human rights record under the administration of President Obama and the military intervention policies that have seen increased use during the Arab Spring.
Libya's Hell, Enabled by Canadian Humanitarians
Who Will Protect Libyans Now?
Dobbin, Murray
Article
2013
CounterPunch
One of the darkest and most shameful chapters in Western military intervention continues to play out in spades in Libya. Recent news from Benghazi revealed that one of the (literally hundreds) of murd...
Massacres That Matter - Part 1 - 'Responsibility To Protect' In Egypt, Libya And Syria
Edwards, David
Article
2013
Media Lens
Where offending states fail to live up to this responsibility by inflicting genocide, ethnic cleansing and other crimes against humanity on their own people, the international community has a responsi...
Middle East & North Africa: Region performs poorly, Israel nose-dives
Sources News Release
Article
2009
Reporters without Borders
For the first time Israel is not at the head of the Middle Eastern countries in the press freedom index. By falling 47 places to 93rd position, it is now behind Kuwait (60th), United Arab Emirates (86...
Moroccan journalists face charges of defaming Qaddafi
Sources News Release
Article
2009
Committee to Protect Journalists
The Committee to Protect Journalists is dismayed by the start of court proceedings today against five Moroccan journalists charged with publicly harming Libyan leader Muammar Qaddafi and hurting his d...
Newspaper editor gunned down on Benghazi street
Sources News Release
Article
2014
Reporters without Borders
Reporters Without Borders condemns in the strongest terms newspaper editor Muftah Bu Zeid's murder in Benghazi. Gunmen in a car shot Zeid three times in the head and abdomen shortly after he got out o...
Overthrowing other people's governments: The Master List
Blum, William
Article
2013
williamblum.org
Instances of the United States overthrowing, or attempting to overthrow, a foreign government since the Second World War.
Paula Broadwell, Whistleblower
It's More Than a Sex Scandal
Gardner, Fred
Article
2012
CounterPunch
We await the follow-up to Paula Broadwell’s assertion that two prisoners were being held at the CIA “annex” near the consulate in Benghazi at the time of the assault that left Ambassador Christopher S...
Rendition ordeal raises new questions about secret trials
Fatima Bouchar's story reveals involvement of the British government
Cobain, Ian
Article
2012
The Guardian
Investigative reporting on the rendition (initiated by British intelligence officers) of Libyian Islamist militants who sought to oust Muammar Gaddafi.
Slavery in Libya
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
Slavery in Libya has a long history and a lasting impact on the Libyan culture. Slavery in Libya is closely connected with the wider context of slavery in north Africa.
UN 'Travesty': Resolutions Of Mass Destruction - Part 1
Article
2012
Medialens
Far from bringing an end to the violence, UN Resolution 1973 unleashed overwhelming Western force in pursuit of regime change, in a war that was fought to the bitter end. To ensure the right outcome, ...
US Consulate Killings - Spontaneous Religious or Planned Political?
Edwards, David
Article
2012
Media Lens
On September 11, four Americans, including the US ambassador, were killed in an attack on the US consulate in Benghazi, Libya. The following day, the BBC's Lunchtime News reported that the killings we...
War crime: NATO deliberately destroyed Libya's water infrastructure
Ahmed, Nafeez
Article
2015
The Ecologist
The military targeting of civilian infrastructure, especially of water supplies, is a war crime under the Geneva Conventions. Yet this is precisely what NATO did in Libya. Since then, the country's wa...
Where War Reporting Goes Wrong
A Diary of Four Wars
Cockburn, Patrick
Article
2013
CounterPunch
The four recent conflicts in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya and Syria have been propaganda wars in which newspaper, television and radio journalists played a central role. In all wars there is a difference ...
Why Qaddafi had to go: African gold, oil and the challenge to monetary imperialism
Brown, Ellen
Article
2016
The Ecologist
What was NATO's violent intervention in Libya really all about? Now we know, writes Ellen Brown, thanks to Hillary Clinton's recently published emails. It was to prevent the creation of an independent...
Woman journalist found with throat cut in southern Libya
Sources News Release
Article
2014
Reporters without Borders
Reporters Without Borders is shocked to learn that Naseeb Miloud Karfana, a TV journalist based in the southern city of Sabha, was murdered on 29 May.

Sources Bookshelf

Killing Hope
U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II
Blum, William
Book
2008
Is the United States a force for democracy? William Blum serves up a forensic overview of U.S. foreign policy spanning sixty years. For those who want the details on the U.S.'s most famous actions (Ch...
Necessary Illusions
Thought Control in Democratic Societies
Chomsky, Noam
Book
1989
An inquiry into the nature of the media and the role of intellectuals in "a political system where the population cannot be disciplined by force, and thus must be subjected to more subtle forms of ide...
Press for Conversion #51
May 2003
Serial Publication (Periodical)
2003
Why is the U.S. government reviled by so many people in the Middle East and North Africa? This issue looks at the past 50 years of wars and regime changes in the region and unveils a consistent patter...


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