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The British Museum
The British Museum is a museum of human history and culture situated in London. Its collections, which number more than 7 million objects, are amongst the largest and most comprehensive in the world and originate from all continen...
Embassy Row
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League of Arab States
A regional organization of Arab states in Southwest Asia, and North and Northeast Africa. The Arab League currently has 22 members and four observers. The main goal of the league is to "draw closer the relations between member Sta...
United Nations
The United Nations is central to global efforts to solve problems that challenge humanity. Cooperating in this effort are more than 30 affiliated organizations, known together as the UN system. Day in and day out, the UN and its f...

News Releases

Free Key Rights Defenders: Government Arbitrarily Holds Darwish, Colleagues Despite UN Demands
2014-03-18
The government of Syria should immediately and unconditionally release the arbitrarily detained human rights defender Mazen Darwish and his colleagues Hani Al-Zitani and Hussein Ghareer, 55 human righ...
IFJ Condemns Deaths of Five Syrian Journalists
2014-12-19
International Federation of Journalists (IFJ)
The International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) has declared December a deadly month for Syrian journalists as five more colleagues die in the first half of the month.
Middle East & North Africa: Region performs poorly, Israel nose-dives
2009-10-22
Reporters without Borders
For the first time Israel is not at the head of the Middle Eastern countries in the press freedom index. By falling 47 places to 93rd position, it is now behind Kuwait (60th), United Arab Emirates (86...
Middle East and North Africa: Blogging flourishes; governments block and monitor content
2009-11-06
Thousands of writers, journalists, activists, lawyers and others are expressing their dissent and reporting on social issues by blogging throughout the Middle East and North Africa, says a new report ...
RSF backs newspaper under attack from President Erdogan
2015-06-04
Reporters without Borders
Reporters Without Borders condemns Turkish government pressure on the newspaper Cumhuriyet, which is under judicial investigation for publishing alleged evidence that Turkey's National Intelligence Or...
Syria: MSF statements should not be used to justify military action
2013-08-30
Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders
MSF today warned that its medical information could not be used as evidence to certify the precise origin of the exposure to a neurotoxic agent nor to attribute responsibility.
Three emblematic victims of Syria's ruthless censorship
2015-03-26
Reporters without Borders
On the eve of a long-delayed decision in the trial of Mazen Darwish, the head of the Syrian Centre for Media and Freedom of Expression (SCM), and two of his assistants Reporters Without Borders reiter...
Well-known Syrian cartoonist died in detention after being tortured
2015-09-24
Reporters Without Borders
Reporters Without Borders is stunned to learn that well-known Syrian cartoonist Akram Raslan died in detention in 2013, less than a year after his arrest in October 2012, and that his death was almost...
Zaina Erhaim of Syria named 2015 Winner of Peter Mackler Award for Courageous and Ethical Journalism
2015-08-25
Peter Mackler Award, Reporters without Borders, Agence France-Presse
he Peter Mackler Award, the US branch of Reporters Without Borders (RSF), and Agence France-Presse are pleased to announce that Syrian journalist is the 2015 winner of the Peter Mackler Award for Cour...

Sources Select Resources

An Awkward Silence - Burying The Hersh Revelations of Obama's Syrian Deceit
Article
2013
Media Lens
All governments lie, the US journalist I.F. Stone once noted, with Iraq the most blatant example in modern times. But Syria is another recent criminal example of Stone's dictum.
British Government-Funded Outlet Offered Journalist $17,000 a Month to Produce Propaganda for Syrian Rebels
Khalek, Rania
Article
2016
Alternet
The Revolutionary Forces of Syria media office, a major Syrian opposition media outfit and frequent source of information for Western media, is funded by the British government as a propaganda outlet.
The Chemical Weapons Pretext for War on Syria
The Latest Pack of Lies?
SCHREINER, Ben
Article
2013
Counter Punch
Washington is digging deep to conjure up a pretext for yet another war of aggression in the Middle East. The White House claims that the Syrian regime of Bashar al-Assad had used chemical weapons aga...
A Children's Book Introduces German Kids to the True Story of Syrian Refugees
Martirosyan, Lucy
Article
2016
Global Voices
Germany has received more than 1 million refugees, mostly from Syria and Iraq. Despite supporters initially celebrating Chancellor Angela Merkel's actions, many Germans have begun voicing concerns abo...
Connexions Library: Middle East Focus
Website
Connexions Information Sharing Services
Selected articles, books, websites and other resources on the Middle East.
The Death of a Reporter
Prashad, Vijay
Unclassified
2014
CounterPunch
Serena Shim, who leaves behind a family that includes her two young children, found herself chasing the truth in a highly charged situation.
Demanding an end to the crimes and abuses towards journalists and media workers in Syria
Article
2013
Reporters Without Borders
Syrian journalists are now facing an increasing deadly threat since 2013: the Jihadists militias. Statement jointly signed by Syrian media, Syrian NGOs, leading international NGOs and high profile per...
Destroying Syria: a Joint Criminal Enterprise
Johnston, Diana
Article
2016
CounterPunch
Everyone claims to want to end the war in Syria and restore peace to the Middle East. Well, almost everyone.
Down the Memory Hole: NYT Erases CIA's Efforts to Overthrow Syria's Government
Johnson, Adam
Article
2015
FAIR.org
FAIR has noted before how America's well-documented clandestine activities in Syria have been routinely ignored when the corporate media discuss the Obama administration's "hands-off" approach to the ...
'Flooding the Zone' with Bullshit on Syria
al-Gharbi, Musa; McNeil, St
Article
2013
CounterPunch
In recent weeks, the Obama Administration has been embarked on a massive propaganda campaign they call “flooding the zone.” We hope to provide the most direct and systematic refutation of the Administ...
The Fog of Intelligence
Or How to Be Eternally "Caught Off Guard" in the Greater Middle East
Englehardt, Tom
Article
2015
TomDispatch.com
The phrase "the fog of war" stands in for the inability of commanders to truly grasp what's happening in the chaos that is any battlefield. Perhaps it's time to introduce a companion phrase: the fog ...
Free Key Rights Defenders: Government Arbitrarily Holds Darwish, Colleagues Despite UN Demands
Sources News Release
Article
2014
The government of Syria should immediately and unconditionally release the arbitrarily detained human rights defender Mazen Darwish and his colleagues Hani Al-Zitani and Hussein Ghareer, 55 human righ...
The Fun of Empire: Fighting on All Sides of a War in Syria
Greenwald, Glenn
Article
2014
The Intercept
Now the Obama administration and American political class is celebrating the one-year anniversary of the failed “Bomb Assad!” campaign by starting a new campaign to bomb those fighting against Assad –...
Harper's Worst Offense against Refugees May Be His Climate Record
Anderson, Mitchell
Article
2015
The Middle East drought between 2006 and 2011 was without precedent since modern record keeping, killing over 80 per cent of livestock and driving up local food prices. Already poor populations had to...
How Brown Moses exposed Syrian arms trafficking from his front room
Weaver, Matthew
Article
2013
Guardian Weekly
A Leicester-based blogger's monitoring of weapons used in conflict has been taken up by media and human rights groups. Never having been near a warzone has not stopped him from breaking some of the mo...
How Syria's Secular Uprising Was Hijacked by Jihadists
Al Qaeda's Second Act
Cockburn, Patrick
Article
2014
CounterPunch
On Syria's descent into a sectarian civil war.
How the West's Economic Sanctions are Inflicting Suffering on Ordinary Syrians
Cockburn, Patrick
Article
2016
CounterPunch
The US and EU economic sanctions on Syria are causing huge suffering among ordinary Syrians and preventing the delivery of humanitarian aid, according to a leaked UN internal report.
How the White Helmets Became International Heroes While Pushing U.S. Military Intervention and Regime Change in Syria
Blumenthal, Max
Article
2016
AlterNet
Created by Western governments and popularized by a top PR firm, the White Helmets are saving civilians while lobbying for airstrikes.
IFJ condemns killing of third Syrian journalist
International Federation of Journalists
Article
2015
International Federation of Journalists
The International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) has today condemned the killing of Syrian journalist Thaer al-Ajlani who died covering fighting between the Syrian army and rebels in Jobar, east of t...
The Illusion of Debate
Consensus for the People that Matter
Hirthler, Jason
Article
2014
CounterPunch
A recent article in FAIR reviewed the findings of its latest study on the quality of political “debate” being aired on the mainstream networks. It studied the run-up to the military interventions in b...
The Imaginary Cuban Troops in Syria
Peppe, Matt
Article
2015
Dissident Voice
Fair-and-balanced Fox News reported on Wednesday that "Cuban military operatives reportedly have been spotted in Syria, where sources believe they are advising President Bashar al-Assad’s soldiers and...
Inside the Shadowy PR Firm That’s Lobbying for Regime Change in Syria
Blumenthal, Max
Article
2016
AlterNet
Posing as a non-political solidarity organization, the Syria Campaign leverages local partners and media contacts to push the U.S. into toppling another Middle Eastern government.
An Interview With Noam Chomsky on Obama's Human Rights Record
Nothing Can Justify Torture
Bailey, Eric
Article
2012
CounterPunch
America's human rights record under the administration of President Obama and the military intervention policies that have seen increased use during the Arab Spring.
IPI World Press Freedom Hero Mazen Darwish released from prison
Article
2015
International Press Institute
Renowned Syrian journalist Mazen Darwish, the International Press Institute's 2015 World Press Freedom Hero, has been freed after spending nearly three-and-a-half years behind bars on spurious terrori...
IS and climate change - an inconvenient truth for Republicans
Cole, Juan
Article
2015
Equal Times
US Democratic presidential contender Martin O’Malley sparked controversy last month by saying that the conditions for the rise of the so-called Islamic State (IS, also known as Isil, Isis or Da'esh) w...
ISIS Thrives on the Disunity of Its Enemies
Cockburn, Patrick
Article
2015
Counter Punch
The aftermath of terrorist attacks such as the massacre in Paris are a bad time to produce new policies, but they provide ideal political conditions for a government to take radical, if ill-thought-ou...
Just How Gray Are the White Helmets of Syria?
Oberg, Jan
Article
2016
CounterPunch
While thousands of humanitarian organisations around the world are struggling fiercely with diminishing support from governments and the public, one has achieved a surprising amount of support from We...
Lying to Ourselves About the Air War
The Killers
Jacobs, Ron
Article
2014
CounterPunch
Most US citizens have never been subjected to an air raid. They have never heard the roar of planes flying high above them while an air raid siren wails, its whine competing with the planes’ roar and ...
Made in the USA: Report Shows ISIS Using US Arms from 'Syria Rebels'
Ditz, Jason
Article
2014
Antiwar.com
From the moment the US began sending lethal arms to Syrian rebel factions, there was a chorus of people expressing fears that those arms would end up in the “wrong hands,” and US officials insisted th...
Massacres That Matter - Part 1 - 'Responsibility To Protect' In Egypt, Libya And Syria
Edwards, David
Article
2013
Media Lens
Where offending states fail to live up to this responsibility by inflicting genocide, ethnic cleansing and other crimes against humanity on their own people, the international community has a responsi...
Middle East & North Africa: Region performs poorly, Israel nose-dives
Sources News Release
Article
2009
Reporters without Borders
For the first time Israel is not at the head of the Middle Eastern countries in the press freedom index. By falling 47 places to 93rd position, it is now behind Kuwait (60th), United Arab Emirates (86...
Middle East and North Africa: Blogging flourishes; governments block and monitor content
Sources News Release
Article
2009
Thousands of writers, journalists, activists, lawyers and others are expressing their dissent and reporting on social issues by blogging throughout the Middle East and North Africa, says a new report ...
Obama Launches an Illegal War in Syria
Bennis, Phyllis
Unclassified
2014
Foreign Policy In Focus
President Obama’s decision to bomb Syria stands in stark violation of international law, the UN Charter, and the requirements of the U.S. Constitution.
1,000 Days of Syria – Turning War Journalism into a Game
Parkin, Simon
Article
2014
The Guardian
How an American journalist is attempting to tell the story of Syria’s conflict through an online adventure game.
Over-grazing and desertification in the Syrian steppe are the root causes of war
Serra, Gianluca
Article
2015
The Ecologist
Civil war in Syria is the result of the desertification of the ecologically fragile Syrian steppe, which began in 1958 when the former Bedouin commons were opened up to unrestricted grazing. That led...
Overthrowing other people's governments: The Master List
Blum, William
Article
2013
williamblum.org
Instances of the United States overthrowing, or attempting to overthrow, a foreign government since the Second World War.
Photographing Tragedy
What Victims Actually Want
Baroud, Ramzy
Article
2013
CounterPunch
What is the use of a photo when the human conscience has grown numb, and barely appreciates the artistic expression of the photo, not the moral and political crisis it represents?
Putting Syria Into Some Perspective
Blum, William
Article
2012
The 19th- and 20th-century colonialist-imperialist mentality is alive and well in the West.
Research Shows Internet Shutdowns and State Violence Go Hand in Hand in Syria
West, Sarah Myers
Article
2015
Electronic Frontier Foundation
When an oppressive regime blocks Internet access during social unrest, violence usually follows. This is a pattern that has become famous with the Arab Spring but is the violence that follows a respon...
The Right Kind Of Terror
Cromwell, David; Edwards, David
Article
2012
Medialens
When is an act of terrorism not terrorism? When the victims are officially sanctioned state enemies.
RSF backs newspaper under attack from President Erdogan
Sources News Release
Article
2015
Reporters without Borders
Reporters Without Borders condemns Turkish government pressure on the newspaper Cumhuriyet, which is under judicial investigation for publishing alleged evidence that Turkey's National Intelligence Or...
Russia's Fantasy "Stray Missiles," America's Real Ones
Arbuthnot, Felicity
Article
2015
Dissident Voice
Even to those who do not watch closely it has to be apparent that Washington's vast disinformation machine is finally out of control, seriously awry, or desperate.
The Selective Compassion of the Media & Human Rights Establishment
Ignoring the Victims of State Crimes
Kovalik, Daniel
Article
2012
CounterPunch
“Human rights” doctrine has devolved into a mere tool used by the U.S. to carry out its imperial aims, and many times by means (such as war) which cause many more human rights violations than they pur...
Six Ways the Media Has Misreported Syria
How One-Sided Reporting is Facilitating Escalation
Mehrpouya, Afshin
Article
2012
CounterPunch
The Western mainstream media’s coverage of the Syrian conflict has been mostly simplistic and black & white with a Hollywoodian good (opposition) and evil (Syrian government) story.
Sources HotLink - June 30, 2016
Serial Publication (Periodical)
2016
Sources
Articles about the FBI and the information it gathers, Donald Trump and the media, and the role of pharmaceutical companies in suppressing information.
Surprise Syrian showdown: 'Pentagon-backed rebels fighting CIA-backed rebels'
Article
2016
RT
American soldiers never used to shoot at CIA agents, and vice-versa, but that's what’s reportedly happening in the northern part of Syria, former CIA officer Ray McGovern says. In February, the CIA-ar...
Syria in the Crosshairs
The Kosovo Precedent
Spinney, Franklin
Article
2013
Counter Punch
Some high officials in the Obama Administration consider the 1999 war in Kosovo to be a precedent for justifying cruise missile strikes in Syria.
Syria, Iraq, Egypt most deadly nations for journalists
Beiser, Elana
Article
2013
CPJ
The conflict in Syria, a spike in Iraqi bloodshed, and political violence in Egypt accounted for the high number of journalists killed on the job in 2013.
Syrian Minority Fear the End of Fighting More Than War Itself
Persecution of the Christians
Cockburn, Patrick
Article
2012
CounterPunch
If the opposition National Coalition, recognised by 130 countries as the legitimate government of Syria, does ultimately take power then its most effective fighting force will be Jadhat al-Nusra, with...
Syrians in Ghouta Claim Saudi-Supplied Rebels Behind Chemical Attack
Gavlank, Dale; Ababneh, Yahya
Article
2013
Antiwar.com
Consider this: the only beneficiaries from the atrocity were the rebels, previously losing the war, who now have Britain and America ready to intervene on their side. While there seems to be little do...
'This Madman Must Be Stopped'
Syrian Chemical Weapons
Edwards, David
Article
2013
Media Lens
The White House claims that US intelligence assessed 'with varying degrees of confidence' that 'the Syrian regime has used chemical weapons on a small scale in Syria, specifically the chemical agent s...
Three emblematic victims of Syria's ruthless censorship
Sources News Release
Article
2015
Reporters without Borders
On the eve of a long-delayed decision in the trial of Mazen Darwish, the head of the Syrian Centre for Media and Freedom of Expression (SCM), and two of his assistants Reporters Without Borders reiter...
UN 'Travesty': Resolutions Of Mass Destruction - Part 1
Article
2012
Medialens
Far from bringing an end to the violence, UN Resolution 1973 unleashed overwhelming Western force in pursuit of regime change, in a war that was fought to the bitter end. To ensure the right outcome, ...
US-Funded NGO in Syria Uses Old Photo to Claim Civilian Death in Russian Airstrikes
Group Lashes Russian Official on Twitter for Noting Picture Wasn't Real
Ditz, Jason
Article
2015
Antiwar
The "White Helmets" organization, heavily funded by the US State Department, has claimed that Russia killed 33 civilians in its attacks. The NGO attached a photo to the story which was pointed out to ...
A Useful Prep-Sheet on Syria for Media Propagandists
Leupp, Gary
Article
2015
CounterPunch
State Department talking points on Syria for cable news anchors.
When Is Direct Military Intervention Not Direct Military Intervention?
Naureckas, Jim
Article
2016
FAIR - Fairness & Accuracy in Reporting
Since 2014, according to official Pentagon figures, the US has carried out 5,337 airstrikes in Syria. Yet the New York Times continues to pretend that the U.S. has not intervened militarily in Syria.
Where War Reporting Goes Wrong
A Diary of Four Wars
Cockburn, Patrick
Article
2013
CounterPunch
The four recent conflicts in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya and Syria have been propaganda wars in which newspaper, television and radio journalists played a central role. In all wars there is a difference ...
The 'White Helmets' and the Inherent Contradiction of America's Syria Policy
Ritter, Scott
Article
2016
Truthdig
The danger faced by the White Helmets is not a fiction -- to date, 141 first responders affiliated with the Syrian Civil Defense have been killed while performing their duty. And although their claims...
Won't Get Fooled Again? Hyping Syria's WMD 'Threat'
Edwards, David
Article
2012
Media Lens
Reading about crimes of state over many years, it is tempting to try to fathom the mind-set of political leaders. What actually is going on in their heads when they order sanctions that kill hundreds ...

Sources Bookshelf

Killing Hope
U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II
Blum, William
Book
2008
Is the United States a force for democracy? William Blum serves up a forensic overview of U.S. foreign policy spanning sixty years. For those who want the details on the U.S.'s most famous actions (Ch...
Press for Conversion #51
May 2003
Serial Publication (Periodical)
2003
Why is the U.S. government reviled by so many people in the Middle East and North Africa? This issue looks at the past 50 years of wars and regime changes in the region and unveils a consistent patter...
Report: Hundreds of Civilians Killed by U.S.-Led Bombing of ISIS in Iraq and Syria
Currier, Cora
Article
2015
A new report from a group of journalists and researchers says that hundreds of civilians have died during airstrikes by the U.S. and other nations fighting the Islamic State, a marked contrast to the ...


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