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Slavery: Experts and Sources
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Sources Experts & Spokespersons

ibiblio.org
The public's library and digital archive. Home to one of the largest "collections of collections" on the Internet, ibiblio.org is a conservancy of freely available information, including software, music, literature, art, history,...
United Nations Human Rights Council
The Human Rights Council is an inter-governmental body within the UN system made up of 47 States responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe. The Council was created by the UN Genera...

News Releases

WAZ-IFJ Prize for Courage in Journalism Goes to a Team of Hungarian Authors
2010-12-07
International Federation of Journalists
The WAZ Media Group and the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) will present the team of Hungarian authors József Gelei (50) and László Murányi (54) the "WAZ-IFJ Prize for Courage in Journal...

Sources Select Resources

Abolition of Slavery Timeline
Connexipedia Article
Article
Timelines tracing abolition in specific countries, abolition of the trade in slaves and abolition throughout empires.
Abolitionism
Connexipedia Article
Article
A movement in Western Europe and the Americas to end the slave trade and emancipate slaves.
African slave trade
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
African slaves became part of the Atlantic slave trade, from which comes the modern, Western conception of slavery, as an institution of African-descended slaves and non-African slave owners.
The Atlantic Slave Trade in Two Minutes
315 years. 20,528 voyages. Millions of lives.
Kahn, Andrew and Bouie, Jamelle
Article
2015
Slate.com
Usually, when we say "American slavery" or the "American slave trade," we mean the American colonies or, later, the United States. But North America was a bit player. From the trade's beginning in the...
The Case for Haitian Reparations
Alcenat, Westenley
Article
2017
Jacobin
A history of France's exploitation of colonial Haiti, the aftermath of Haiti's independence, and the lasting social and environmental impacts, arguing for Haiti's recent demands of reparations from t...
Cherokee freedmen controversy
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
An ongoing political and tribal dispute between the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma and descendants of the Cherokee Freedmen regarding tribal citizenship.
Connexions Library: Race, Racism, Ethnicity, Multiculturalism Focus
Website
Connexions Information Sharing Services
Selected articles, books, websites and other resources on race, racism, ethnicity, multiculturalism, identity.
Deep in the Swamps, Archaeologists Are Finding How Fugitive Slaves Kept Their Freedom
Grant, Richard; photographs by Allison Shelley
Article
2016
Smithsonian Institution
The Great Dismal Swamp was once a thriving refuge for runaways. Archaeologists are learning more about their free communities.
Destroying the Commons
How the Magna Carta Became a Minor Carta
Chomsky, Noam
Article
2012
TomDispatch
Our rights and liberties are under ever-increasing attack.
Django Unchained, or, The Help: How "Cultural Politics" Is Worse Than No Politics at All, and Why
Reed, Adolph Jr.
Article
2013
NonSite
On reflection, it's possible to see that Django Unchained and The Help are basically different versions of the same movie. Both dissolve political economy and social relations into individual quests a...
History of slavery
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
The history of slavery covers systems throughout human history in which one human being is legally the property of another, can be bought or sold, is not allowed to escape and must work for the owner ...
An introduction to the Indian Ocean slave trade
Williams, Karen
Article
2016
Media Diversified
The Indian Ocean slave trade encompassed Africa, Asia and the Middle East, with people from these areas involved as both captors and captives. The numbers of people enslaved and the exact length of th...
The Irish Slaves: What They Will Never, Ever Tell You in History Class or Anywhere Else
Article
2013
http://radio2hot.wordpress.com
The first slaves imported into the American colonies were 100 White children. They arrived during Easter, 1619, four months before the arrival of a the first shipment of Black slaves. Mainstream histo...
ISIS Slave Market Puts Women and Girls on Same List as Cattle
Ensler, Eve
Article
2015
La Repubblica
I am thinking of the price list leaked out from the ISIS Sex Slave Market that included women and girls on the same list as cattle. ISIS needed to impose price controls as they were worried about a do...
Islam and slavery
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
Historically, the major juristic schools of Islam traditionally accepted the institution of slavery. The Islamic prophet Muhammad and many of his companions bought, sold, freed, and captured slaves.
Judaism and slavery
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
Judaism's religious texts contain numerous laws governing the ownership and treatment of slaves.
Labour camp
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
A labour camp is a simplified detention facility where inmates are forced to engage in penal labor. Labour camps have many common aspects with slavery and with prisons.
Lincoln, Abraham
Connexipedia Article
Article
President of the United States during the American Civil War. (1809-1865).
A Marxist History of the World part 57: The American Civil War
Faulkner, Neil
Article
2012
Counterfire
One hundred and fifty years ago North America saw the start of a revolutionary war fought between rival systems and opposing political ideologies. Neil Faulkner looks at The American Civil War.
The Not-So-Secret History of Capitalism
Malik, Kenan
Article
2013
Pandaemonium
This is a coda to my review of Paul Collier’s book Exodus. I questioned the moral and social arguments that Collier employs to justify his arguments, and suggested that there is often a chasm between ...
Odalisque
Article
An odalisque (Turkish: Odal?k) was a female slave in an Ottoman seraglio. She was an assistant or apprentice to the concubines and wives, and she might rise in status to become one of them. Most odali...
Sexual slavery
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
Sexual slavery or forced sexual slavery is the organized coercion of unwilling people into different sexual practices.
Slavery
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
Slavery is a system in which human beings are the property of others. Slaves can be held against their will from the time of their capture, purchase or birth, and deprived of the right to leave, to re...
Slavery, Genocide, Abuse: The Dark Side of Asia's 'Tiger Economies'
Bello, Walden
Article
2015
Toward Freedom
From declining worker protections to violent labour trafficking and ethnic cleansing, the dark underbelly of Southeast Asia's "tiger economies" is on full display this year.
Slavery in ancient Greece
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
Slavery was common practice and an integral component of ancient Greece throughout its rich history, as it was in other societies of the time including ancient Israel and early Christian societies.
Slavery in ancient Rome
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
Slavery in antiquity
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
Slavery in the ancient world, specifically, in Mediterranean cultures, comprised a mixture of debt-slavery, slavery as a punishment for crime, and the enslavement of prisoners of war.
Slavery in Brazil
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
Slavery in Brazil shaped the country's social structure and ethnic landscape. During the colonial epoch and for over six decades after the 1822 independence, slavery was a mainstay of the Brazilian ec...
Slavery in Britain and Ireland
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
Slavery in Britain and Ireland dated from before Roman occupation. Chattel slavery virtually disappeared after the Norman Conquest. It was finally abolished by the Slavery Abolition Act 1833 (which ma...
Slavery in Canada
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
Slavery in what now comprises Canada existed into the 1830s, when slavery was officially abolished. Some slaves were of African descent, while others were aboriginal (typically called panis, likely a ...
Slavery in India
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
The history of slavery in India is complicated by the presence of factors which relate to the definition, ideological and religious perceptions, difficulties in obtaining and interpreting written sour...
Slavery in Iran
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
A History of slavery in Iran during various ancient, medieval and modern periods is catalogued by archaeological and historical records.
Slavery in Japan
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
During most of the history of the country, the practice of slavery in Japan involved only indigenous Japanese, as the export and import of slaves was significantly restricted by isolation of the group...
Slavery in Libya
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
Slavery in Libya has a long history and a lasting impact on the Libyan culture. Slavery in Libya is closely connected with the wider context of slavery in north Africa.
Slavery in Mauritania
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
Slavery in Mauritania is an entrenched phenomenon the national government has repeatedly tried to abolish, banning the practice in 1905, 1981, and August 2007. The descendants of black Africans abduct...
Slavery in medieval Europe
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Unclassified
Slavery in early medieval Europe was relatively common. It was widespread at the end of antiquity. The etymology of the word slave comes from this period, the word sklabos meaning Slav.
Slavery in modern Africa
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
Slavery in Africa continues today. Slavery existed in Africa before the arrival of Europeans - as did a slave trade that exported millions of Africans to North Africa, the Middle East, and the Persian...
Slavery in Romania
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
Slavery (Romanian: robie) existed on the territory of present-day Romania from before the founding of the principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia in 13th–14th century, until it was abolished in sta...
Slavery in Sudan
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
Since 1995, international rights organizations such as Human Rights Watch and CASMAS have reported that slavery in Sudan is a common fate of captives in the Second Sudanese Civil War. Pro-government m...
Slavery in the Ottoman Empire
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
Slavery was an important part of Ottoman society until the Ottoman Empire forbade the slavery of Caucasians (including Georgians, Armenians, and Circassians) in the early 19th century.
Slavery in the Spanish New World colonies
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
Slavery in the Spanish colonies began with the enslavement of the local indigenous peoples in their homelands. Enslavement and production quotas were used to force the local labor to bring a return on...
Slavery in the United States
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
Slavery in the United States was a form of unfree labor which existed as a legal institution in North America for more than a century before the founding of the United States in 1776, and continued mo...
Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism - Book Review
Edward E. Baptist’s "The Half Has Never Been Told"
Larson, Charles R.
Article
2014
CounterPunch
A review of Edward E. Baptist’s examination of slavery, presented in an entirely new way, extensively through the voices of the slaves themselves.
Slavery on the Barbary Coast
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
Slavery on the Barbary Coast was a form of unfree labour which existed between the 16th and 18th centuries in the Barbary Coast area of North Africa.
Slavery still shackles Mauritania, 31 years after its abolition
Mark, Monica
Article
2012
The Guardian
Rigid caste system and ruling elite have enabled a centuries-old practice to continue into the 21st century.
Thrall
Sources Select Resources Encyclopedia
Article
hrall was the term for a slave or unfree servant in Scandinavian culture during the Viking Age. Thralls were the lowest in the social order and usually provided unskilled labour during the Viking era...
An Unfinished Revolution - Book Review
Against The Current vol. 159
Morrison, Derrick
Article
2012
Against The Current
Review of An Unfinished Revolution: Karl Marx and Abraham Lincoln, by Robin Blackburn.
U.S. Elites
The Original Gangsters
Alexandrov, Nick
Article
2016
Counter Punch
Donald Trump is at home in the underworld. Tom Robbins writes that the de facto GOP nominee "has encountered a steady stream of mob-tainted offers that he apparently couldn't refuse" in his decades in...
The War of Northern Aggression
Oakes, James
Article
2012
Jacobin Magazine
A leading Civil War historian challenges the new orthodoxy about how slavery ended in America.
WAZ-IFJ Prize for Courage in Journalism Goes to a Team of Hungarian Authors
Sources News Release
Article
2010
International Federation of Journalists
The WAZ Media Group and the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) will present the team of Hungarian authors József Gelei (50) and László Murányi (54) the "WAZ-IFJ Prize for Courage in Journal...

Sources Bookshelf

Capitalism and Slavery
Williams, Eric
Book
1944
Slavery helped finance the Industrial Revolution in England. Plantation owners, shipbuilders, and merchants connected with the slave trade accumulated vast fortunes that established banks and heavy in...
The City in History
Its Origins, Its Transformations, and Its Prospects
Mumford, Lewis
Book
1961
Beginning with an interpretation of the origin and nature of the city, Mumford follows the city's development from Egypt and Mesopotamia through Greece, Rome, and the Middle Ages to the modern world.
The History of Democracy
A Marxist Interpretation
Roper, Brian S.
Book
2013
Roper traces the history of democracy from ancient Athens to the emergence of liberal representative and socialist participatory democracy. He argues that democracy cannot be understood separately fro...
I've Got a Home in Glory Land: A Lost Tale of the Underground Railroad
Smardz Frost, Karolyn
Book
2007
The archaeological discovery in Toronto of the remains of a house belonging to former slaves, Thornton and Lucie Blackburn, key figures in the Underground Railroad.
Polemics and Prophecies 1967-1970
Stone, I.F.
Book
1972
An anthology of I.F. Stone's articles from 1967 - 1970.


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