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Ingeborg Bachmann

Ingeborg Bachmann
Born 25 June 1926(1926-06-25)
Klagenfurt, Austria
Died 17 October 1973(1973-10-17) (aged 47)
Rome, Italy
Nationality Austrian
Notable award(s)

Prize of the Group 47
1953
Georg Büchner Prize
1964

Anton Wildgans Prize
1971


Signature

Ingeborg Bachmann (25 June 1926 â 17 October 1973) was an Austrian poet and author.

Contents

[edit] Biography

Bachmann was born in Klagenfurt, in the Austrian state of Carinthia, the daughter of a headmaster. She studied philosophy, psychology, German philology, and law at the universities of Innsbruck, Graz, and Vienna. In 1949, she received her Doctor of Philosophy from the University of Vienna with her dissertation titled "The Critical Reception of the Existential Philosophy of Martin Heidegger,"[1] her thesis adviser was Victor Kraft.

After graduating, Bachmann worked as a scriptwriter and editor at the Allied radio station Rot-Weiss-Rot, a job that enabled her to obtain an overview of contemporary literature and also supplied her with a decent income, making possible proper literary work. Furthermore, her first radio dramas were published by the station. Her literary career was enhanced by contact with Hans Weigel (littérateur and sponsor of young post-war literature) and the legendary literary circle known as Gruppe 47, whose members also included Ilse Aichinger, Paul Celan, Heinrich Böll, Marcel Reich-Ranicki and Günter Grass.

Ingeborg Bachmann's residence at Palazzo Sacchetti, Via Giulia, Rome

In 1953, she moved to Rome, Italy, where she spent the large part of the following years working on poems, essays and short stories as well as opera libretti in collaboration with Hans Werner Henze, which soon brought with them international fame and numerous awards. Her relationship with the Swiss author Max Frisch (1911â1991) bestowed the role of the second protagonist in Frisch's 1964 novel Mein Name sei Gantenbein upon her. His infidelity and the separation of the couple in 1962 had a deep impact on Bachmann.

Bachmann's work primarily focuses on themes like personal boundaries, establishment of the truth, and philosophy of language, the latter in the tradition of Austrian philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein. Her doctoral dissertation expresses her growing disillusionment with Heidegerrian Existentialism, which was in part resolved through her growing interest in Wittgenstein, whose Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus significantly influenced her relationship to language.

Ingeborg Bachmann died in the Roman Sant' Eugenio hospital three weeks after a fire in her bedroom, on 17 October 1973. While according to the local police authority the blaze was induced by a lit cigarette, the real cause of her death remains unknown. Rumors have persisted that she did not succumb to the burns but to her long habit of compulsive pill-taking, which was prevented by the stay in hospital. She is buried at the Annabichl cemetery in Klagenfurt.

[edit] The Ingeborg Bachmann Prize

The prestigious Ingeborg Bachmann Prize, awarded annually in Klagenfurt since 1977, is named after her.

[edit] Selected works

  • "Darkness Spoken: The Collected Poems of Ingeborg Bachmann," translated and introduced by Peter Filkins, published by Zephyr Press, 2006. Bilingual on facing pages.
  • Last Living Words: The Ingeborg Bachmann Reader, translated by Lilian M. Friedberg, published by Green Integer, 2005
  • Letters to Felician (letters to an imaginary correspondent, written 1945, published posthumously). Edited & translated into English by Damion Searls. Green Integer Books, 2004.
  • Die gestundete Zeit (lyric poetry, 1953)
  • Die Zikaden (radio play, 1955)
  • Anrufung des Grossen Bären (lyric poetry, 1956)
  • Der gute Gott von Manhattan (radio play, 1958)
  • "Die Wahrheit ist dem Menschen zumutbar" (poetological speech at a German presentation of awards, 1959)
  • "Frankfurter Vorlesungen" (lecture on problems of contemporary literature, 1959)
  • Der Prinz von Homburg (libretto, 1960)
  • Das dreißigste Jahr (story volume, 1961)
  • Der junge Lord (libretto, 1965)
  • Malina (novel, 1971) Translated into English by Philip Boehm. Holmes & Meier, 1999.
  • Simultan (story volume, 1972)
  • Todesarten (novel-cycle project, unfinished)
  • The Barking (short story)

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ Brinker-Gabler, Gisela; Zisselsberger, Markus (2004). If We Had the Word: Ingeborg Bachmann Views and Reviews. Riverside, CA, USA: Ariadne Press. pp. 2. ISBN 9781572411302. 
  • Taylor, John: "Dark Struggles for a Utopia of Language (Ingeborg Bachmann)," Into the Heart of European Poetry, New Brunswick, New Jersey: Transaction Publishers, 2008, pp. 213â224.

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