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National Socialism

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National Socialism is the name used for political ideologies which purpose to merge nationalism and socialism. It was realised once in the form of Nazism by the Nazi Party in Germany.

Several other political parties have used the name National Socialist Party or National Socialist Movement, and the name has been adopted by neo-Nazi groups in various countries. The ideology has only been formally applied in one historical case and is consequently judged by how it was implemented in the Third Reich. These factors have caused the term National Socialism to be used nearly synonymously with racism, Nazism or anti-Semitism. National Socialism is a complex ideology that seeks to be an alternative to both international capitalism and international communism.[citation needed]

[edit] Origins and tenets

The term national socialism was coined by French intellectual Maurice Barrès.[when?][1] The term characterizes the rejection of pluralism, individualism, materialism and globalism. The ideology generally supports the creation of a self-sufficient corporatist economy and a single-party state.[citation needed] Historian Robert Toombs sees this amalgamation exemplified in General Georges Ernest Boulanger, a general and politician popular among both royalists and the urban right.[2] Sternhell cites boulangisme as being influential on fascism, an associated ideology, although not on Nazism.

While National Socialism opposes communism and other left-wing sentiments, the ideology favours certain aspects of leftist ideologies such as progressive taxation, minimum wage, affordable housing, public healthcare and education.[citation needed] National Socialism also incorporates certain conservative aspects into its agenda, such as pro-capital punishment, anti-abortion,[citation needed] anti-immigration and revitalization of traditional gender roles.[citation needed] Certain aspects of the ideology are dynamic and largely based in theory.

[edit] References

  1. ^ Tombs, Robert (1996). France 1814â1914. London: Longman. ISBN 0582493145. 
  2. ^ Sternhell, Zeev. The Birth of Fascist Ideology, From Cultural Rebellion to Political Revolution. pp. 85,114. 


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