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Use of Topical Calcineurin Inhibitors (Elidel cream and Protopic ointment) in the treatment of atopic dermatitis in children and adults
Ottawa, April 15, 2005
Atopic dermatitis is highly prevalent in Canadian children and can persist into adulthood. This eczema can greatly affect the physical and psychological well-being of these patients. CDA believes that topical calcineurin inhibitors (prescribed as Elidel cream and Protopic ointment in Canada) are an important therapeutic class for the treatment of atopic dermatitis in children and adults, and complement other therapeutic methods available.
CDA has reviewed the safety data on these two products, gathered from clinical studies in nearly 7 million patients (both adults and children) and from spontaneous reporting programs. These showed no increased risk of cancer or lymphoma.
The Canadian Dermatology Association's position statement on this issue is attached. For further information, please contact:
The Canadian Dermatology Association, founded in 1925, represents Canadian dermatologists. The association exists to advance the science and art of medicine and surgery related to the care of the skin; provide continuing medical education for its members; support and advance patient care; offer public education on sun protection and other aspects of skin care; and promote a lifetime of healthy skin, hair and nails. For further information on CDA, please visit www.dermatology.ca
CANADIAN DERMATOLOGY ASSOCIATION
On February 15, 2005 the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Pediatric Advisory Committee met to discuss the risk evaluation, labeling, risk communication and dissemination on potential risks among pediatric patients treated for atopic dermatitis with topical dermatological calcineurin inhibitors. During this meeting all available data collected from clinical programs and post marketing surveillance were examined for evidence of increased risks of cancer development, particularly lymphoproliferative conditions. Representations were made by Fujisawa and Novartis, manufacturers of these products, and independent testimony from experts in lymphoma and immunology were heard.
After review of all submissions, the Pediatric Advisory Committee felt there was a theoretical risk of the occurrence of malignancies based solely on animal data, although they recognized the lack of such a signal in humans to date. Their recommendation to the FDA was that topical calcineurin inhibitor labels should include a "black box" warning. The Therapeutic Product Directorate (TPD) of Health Canada has recommended that a "Dear Doctor" letter be sent to all physicians in Canada outlining these concerns.
Topical calcineurin inhibitors (tacrolimus and pimecrolimus) have been studied collectively in over 38000 subjects, including 14,000 children under the age of 17 years. Furthermore, over 6.7 million patients have used either tacrolimus or pimecrolimus since approval for market. To date, there have been two cases (squamous cell carcinoma and colonic carcinoma) reported with pimecrolimus; and no cases reported with tacrolimus in the clinical trial programs. In the spontaneous reporting programs, there are six cases (four lymphomas, two nonmelanoma skin cancers) reported with pimecrolimus; and nine cases of lymphoma with tacrolimus and 10 other types of tumors. The expected incidence of lymphoma within the clinical trial programs is 3; and the expected incidence of lymphoma in the spontaneous programs is 61. The patients ranged in age from two to 75 years, with a median age of 41.5 years. However, none of the cases of malignancy were reported in children less than two years old. Four cases were reported in children: the pediatric malignancy cases reported by Fujisawa included a case of hepatoblastoma in a five year-old, a case of metastatic angiosarcoma in a 16-year-old and a case of Sezary syndrome in a 16 year-old. The malignancy pediatric case reported by Novartis was a lymphoblastic lymphoma in a two-year-old. The number of lymphomas observed in treated patients is below the expected number of lymphomas in both pediatric and adult populations and for cases where enough information was available, they were assessed by external experts as unlikely to be linked to the use of topical calcineurin inhibitors.